Thermal Diffusion Forced Rayleigh Scattering (FZJ - ICS3)

Light Scattering

Description

DESCRIPTION OF THE FACILITY 

Measurement principle: 
A grating created by the interference of two laser beams is written in the sample. The set-up is optimized for aqueous solutions and uses an absoprtion band in the near infrared, converting the intensity grating into a temperature grating. After switching on the laser, a refractive index g

rating is formed in the solvent on the milli second time scale. On a longer time scale, the solute particles or molecules contribute to a change of the refractive index grating through thermal diffusion, where they either move to the cold or warm regions of the grating. Both gratings contribute to a combined refractive index grating that is read out by diffraction of a third laser beam. Analysing the time dependent difraction efficiency, three transport coefficients can be obtained: the thermal diffusivity Dth, the translational diffusion coefficient D, and the thermal diffusion coefficient DT. The ratio of the thermal diffusion coefficient and the translational diffusion coefficient allows the determination of the Soret coefficient ST

For aqueous systems, the use of added dye to the sample can be avoided, using an infra red writing beam. The water is now heated, without any added dye, through the excitation of vibrational states. 

SAMPLE REQUIREMENTS 

Binary liquid mixtures, polymer solutions or colloidal dispersions (preferably in water or solvent with a weak absorption around 980 nm). The solutions should be transparent. The radius of the colloidal particles should be below 100 nm. A complete measurement including the measurement of the refractive index with concentration and temperature requires approximately 10-15 mL solution. 

DETECTION 
Avalanche Diode

WAVELENGTH OF THE WRITING LASER
980 nm 

WAVELENTH OF THE READ-OUT LASER 
632.8 nm 

LASER POWER 
1000/2000 mW at 980 nm
15 mW at 632.8 nm 

SCATTERING ANGLES 
2<θ<10° 

FRINGE SPACING 
5 nm 


AMPLITUDE OF THE TEMPERATURE GRATING 
20-100 μK 

SHORTEST SAMPLE TIME 
0.5s.

 

LOCATION 

Facility available at Forschungszentrum Jülich, Germany 

SCIENTIST IN CHARGE

Dr. S. Wiegand 

Send an email to Dr. S. Wiegand 

Local Contacts

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